Infaq Fi Sabilillah: The Islamic Concept of Spending in the Way of Allah (PDF in Urdu)
In this article, we will explore the meaning and benefits of Infaq Fi Sabilillah, a type of charity in Islam that is given without any expectation of reward or return. We will also provide a link to download a PDF document in Urdu that explains this concept in more detail.
Infaq Fi Sabilillah is an Arabic phrase that means \"spending in the way of Allah\" or \"for the sake of Allah\". It refers to all kinds of spending that are done to please Allah and to serve His cause. This can include spending on the poor, the needy, the orphans, the widows, the travelers, the captives, the debtors, and those who are striving in the path of Allah. It can also include spending on one's family, relatives, friends, neighbors, and guests.
Infaq Fi Sabilillah is different from Zakat, which is a mandatory form of charity that every Muslim who has a certain amount of wealth must pay annually. Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam and has specific rules and regulations regarding its calculation and distribution. Infaq Fi Sabilillah, on the other hand, is a voluntary form of charity that can be given at any time and in any amount. It is based on one's sincerity, generosity, and intention.
Why is Infaq Fi Sabilillah important?
Infaq Fi Sabilillah is important for several reasons. First, it is a way of expressing one's gratitude to Allah for all the blessings and favors He has bestowed upon us. Allah says in the Quran: \"And whatever you spend of anything (in Allah's cause), He will replace it. And He is the Best of providers\" (34:39). By spending in His way, we acknowledge that everything we have belongs to Him and that we are only His trustees.
Second, it is a way of purifying one's wealth and soul from greed, selfishness, and attachment to worldly things. Allah says in the Quran: \"Take alms from their wealth in order to purify them and sanctify them with it\" (9:103). By giving away some of our wealth for Allah's sake, we cleanse our hearts from the love of money and materialism and increase our faith and reliance on Him.
Third, it is a way of earning Allah's reward and mercy in this world and the hereafter. Allah says in the Quran: \"The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing\" (2:261). By spending in His way, we invest in our eternal life and secure His pleasure and forgiveness.
How to practice Infaq Fi Sabilillah?
To practice Infaq Fi Sabilillah, one should follow some guidelines that are derived from the Quran and the Sunnah (the teachings and example of Prophet Muhammad). These include:
Spending only from lawful sources of income and assets. Allah says in the Quran: \"O you who have believed, spend from the good things which you have earned\" (2:267). One should not spend from ill-gotten gains or from things that are prohibited by Islam.
Spending with sincerity and purity of intention. Allah says in the Quran: \"They ask you (O Muhammad) what they should spend. Say: 'Whatever you spend of good must be for parents and kindred and orphans and al-Masakin (the poor) and wayfarers, and whatever you do of good deeds - truly Allah knows it well'\" (2:215). One should not spend to show off or to seek fame or praise from people.
Spending according to one's means and ability. Allah says in the Quran: \"They ask you how much they are to spend; Say: 'What is beyond your needs'\" (2:219). One should not spend beyond one's capacity or put oneself in hardship or debt by spending too much.
Spending with kindness and generosity. Allah says in the Quran: \"And do not make your hand [as] chained to your neck or extend it completely and [thereby] become blamed and insolvent\" (17:29). One should not be stingy or miserly when spending for Allah's sake but rather be open-handed and cheerful.
Spending secretly or openly depending on the situation. Allah says in the Quran: \"If you disclose your Sadaqat (almsgiving), it is well; but if you conceal them and give them to the poor, that is better for you\" (2:271). One should not expose one's charity unless there is a benefit or a need for doing so but rather keep it hidden as much as possible.
Spending before death approaches. Allah says in the Quran: \"And spend [in the way of Allah] from what We have provided you before death approaches one of you and he says: 'My Lord! If only You would delay me for a brief term so I would give charity ...'\" (63:10). One should not delay or postpone one's charity until it is too late but rather hasten to do good deeds while one has the opportunity.
Where can I find more information about Infaq Fi Sabilillah?
If you want to learn more about Infaq Fi Sabilillah and its benefits, you can download a PDF document in Urdu that explains this concept in more detail. The document contains verses from the Quran, hadiths from Prophet Muhammad, stories from his companions, examples from Islamic history, practical tips on how to give charity effectively, and answers to some common questions about Infaq Fi Sabilillah.
To download the PDF document, click on this link:
Infaq Fi Sabilillah PDF in Urdu
Examples of Infaq Fi Sabilillah
To illustrate the concept of Infaq Fi Sabilillah, we can look at some examples from the Quran, the Sunnah, and the history of Islam. These examples show how different people practiced Infaq Fi Sabilillah in different ways and situations.
From the Quran
One of the most famous examples of Infaq Fi Sabilillah in the Quran is the story of the companions of the cave (Surah Al-Kahf). These were a group of young men who believed in Allah and His messenger and fled from their people who were idolaters. They took refuge in a cave and prayed to Allah to protect them. Allah made them sleep for 309 years and then brought them back to life as a sign for the people. The Quran says: \"And when you withdraw from them and that which they worship other than Allah, retreat to the cave. Your Lord will spread out for you of His mercy and will prepare for you from your affair facility\" (18:16). These young men spent their lives, their wealth, and their time in the way of Allah and He rewarded them with His mercy and grace.
Another example of Infaq Fi Sabilillah in the Quran is the story of Khadijah, the first wife of Prophet Muhammad. She was a wealthy and noble woman who supported the Prophet with her wealth and love when he started preaching Islam. She was the first person to believe in him and his message and she sacrificed everything for his sake. The Quran says: \"And He found you poor and made [you] self-sufficient\" (93:8). This verse is interpreted by some scholars as referring to Khadijah who enriched the Prophet with her wealth and generosity. She spent her wealth in the way of Allah and He blessed her with His love and praise.
From the Sunnah
One of the most famous examples of Infaq Fi Sabilillah in the Sunnah is the story of Abu Bakr, the first caliph of Islam. He was a close friend and companion of Prophet Muhammad who gave him his daughter Aisha in marriage. He was also one of the richest men in Mecca who spent his wealth in freeing slaves, helping the poor, supporting the migrants, and financing expeditions. He was known as \"As-Siddiq\" (the truthful) for his unwavering faith and loyalty to the Prophet. The Prophet said about him: \"There is no one who has done more favor to me with his life and property than Abu Bakr\" (Bukhari). He spent his wealth in the way of Allah and He honored him with His friendship and guidance.
Another example of Infaq Fi Sabilillah in the Sunnah is the story of Uthman, the third caliph of Islam. He was a wealthy merchant who married two daughters of Prophet Muhammad, Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum. He was also one of the most generous companions who donated large sums of money for various causes. He bought a well for the Muslims when they were thirsty, he equipped an army for a battle when they were in need, he expanded and renovated the mosque when it was crowded, and he distributed copies of the Quran when it was scarce. The Prophet said about him: \"Whatever Uthman does after this day will not harm him\" (Muslim). He spent his wealth in the way of Allah and He granted him His forgiveness and reward.
From Islamic History
One of the most famous examples of Infaq Fi Sabilillah in Islamic history is the story of Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi, also known as Saladin, the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty. He was a Kurdish Muslim leader who fought against the Crusaders who invaded Jerusalem and other lands. He was known for his bravery, justice, generosity, and piety. He liberated Jerusalem from the Crusaders after a long siege and treated them with kindness and mercy. He also supported many schools, hospitals, mosques, and charities with his wealth. He died as a poor man after spending all his money in the way of Allah. His biographer wrote: \"He left not a single dinar or dirham behind him\" (Ibn Shaddad). He spent his wealth in the way of Allah and He made him a hero and a legend.
Another example of Infaq Fi Sabilillah in Islamic history is the story of Abdul Rahman Al-Nasir, also known as Abderrahman III, the eighth caliph of Cordoba. He was an Arab Muslim ruler who established a powerful state in Spain that reached its peak under his reign. He was known for his wisdom, tolerance, culture, and patronage of arts and sciences. He built many palaces, gardens, libraries, schools, hospitals, and mosques with his wealth. He also supported many scholars, poets, artists, musicians, and scientists with his generosity. He died as a rich man after spending much of his money in the way of Allah. His epitaph read: \"I have reigned fifty years victorious over my enemies; I have extended my dominions; I have lived happy; I have been beloved by my people; I have secured peace to my subjects; I leave behind me an immortal name\" (Al-Maqqari). He spent his wealth in
the way of Allah and He made him a king and a scholar.
Infaq Fi Sabilillah is a noble and rewarding form of charity in Islam that involves spending in the way of Allah for His sake and for His cause. It has many benefits for the giver and the receiver in this world and the hereafter. It is a way of expressing gratitude, purifying wealth and soul, earning reward and mercy, and serving humanity. It can be practiced in various ways and situations according to one's means and ability. It should be done with sincerity, generosity, kindness, and wisdom. It should also be done before death approaches and one regrets not spending enough. In this article, we have explained the meaning and importance of Infaq Fi Sabilillah and provided some examples from the Quran, the Sunnah, and Islamic history. We have also given a link to download a PDF document in Urdu that covers this topic in more detail. We hope that this article has inspired you to practice Infaq Fi Sabilillah and to share this knowledge with others. b99f773239