A bushel (abbreviation: bsh. or bu.) is an imperial and US customary unit of volume based upon an earlier measure of dry capacity. The old bushel is equal to 2 kennings (obsolete), 4 pecks, or 8 dry gallons, and was used mostly for agricultural products, such as wheat. In modern usage, the volume is nominal, with bushels denoting a mass defined differently for each commodity.
The word "bushel" as originally used for a container itself, and later a unite of measurement. The name comes from the Old French boissiel and buissiel, meaning "little box". It may further derive from Old French boise, thus meaning "little butt".
These measures were based on the relatively light tower pound and were rarely used in Scotland, Ireland, or Wales during the Middle Ages. When the Tower system was abolished in the 16th century, the bushel was redefined as 56 avoirdupois pounds.
The imperial bushel established by the Weights and Measures Act of 1824 described the bushel as the volume of 80 avoirdupois pounds of distilled water in air at 62 F (17 C) or 8 imperial gallons. This is the bushel in some use in the United Kingdom. Thus, there is no distinction between liquid and dry measure in the imperial system.[according to whom?]
The Winchester bushel is the volume of a cylinder 18.5 in (470 mm) in diameter and 8 in (200 mm) high, which gives an irrational number of approximately 2150.4202 cubic inches. The modern American or US bushel is a variant of this, rounded to exactly 2150.42 cubic inches, less than one part per ten million less. It is also somewhat in use in Canada.
Bushels are now most often used as units of mass or weight rather than of volume. The bushels in which grains are bought and sold on commodity markets or at local grain elevators, and for reports of grain production, are all units of weight. This is done by assigning a standard weight to each commodity that is to be measured in bushels. These bushels depend on the commodities being measured, and on the moisture content of the commodity. Some of the more common ones are:
The Polish bushel (korzec) was used as measure of dry capacity. It is divided into 4 quarters (ćwierć) and in the early 19th century had a value of 128 litres in Warsaw and 501.116 litres in Kraków.
bushel (third-person singular simple present bushels, present participle busheling or bushelling, simple past and past participle busheled or bushelled)
Bushels, bushels, bushels. During wheat harvest, wheat yields are calculated as bushels per acre, wheat prices are cited as dollars per bushel and overall bushels produced determines whether or not Kansas keeps its top wheat production spot. But, what exactly is a bushel? And what does a bushel mean for a consumer?
In reality, Kansas wheat is used not only for producing flour and making wheat foods. Approximately half of wheat produced in Kansas is exported to other countries and other bushels are used for anything from livestock and aquaculture feed to plastics. This statistical extrapolation, however, attempts to translate the importance of Kansas wheat to our dinner plates based on total volume.
Each bushel of hard red winter (HRW) wheat has the potential to become a great tasting loaf of bread, box of cereal, tortilla or any number of tasty wheat foods products. But first those bushels of wheat kernels must be milled into flour.
One bushel yields enough flour to make 70 one-pound loaves of white bread or 90 one-pound loaves of whole-wheat bread. The 334 million projected bushels of 2015 Kansas wheat crop could then yield 23.4 billion loaves of white bread or 30.1 billion loaves of whole wheat bread.
If you prefer Wheaties to toast in the morning, one bushel of wheat can make approximately 45 boxes of wheat flaked cereal. The entire Kansas wheat crop could then make 15 billion boxes of cereal. That means each of the 2,780 athletes at the 2014 Winter Olympics could be featured on more than 5 million boxes of Wheaties. Better yet, the approximate 60,000 Kansas farmers could have more than 250,000 of their own boxes of Wheaties!
It has recently come to the attention of this Agency that there is some confusion among quahog tax account holders of the appropriate method for reporting the number of bushels on the monthly tax return.
Dealers should calculate the total pounds of whole shell stock purchased during the month. The total weight should be divided by 80 to determine the number of bushels that should be reported. The result should be rounded to the nearest whole bushel.
early 14c., busshel, measure of capacity containing four pecks or eight gallons, from Old French boissel "bushel" (13c., Modern French boisseau), probably from boisse, a grain measure based on Gallo-Roman *bostia "handful," from Gaulish *bosta "palm of the hand" (compare Irish bass, Breton boz "the hollow of the hand").
The exact measure varied from place to place and according to commodity, and though in 19c. in Britain it acquired a precise legal definition, it varied in U.S. from state to state. It has been used since late 14c. loosely to mean "a large quantity or number." Attested from late 14c. as "a bushel basket." To hide (one's) light under a bushel is from Matthew v.15.
This bushel consist of crabs measuring 6" and up! They will consist primarily of large, extra large and Super Legends. Absolutely the best crabs caught from our crabbing fleet. These are our Gold Star Crabs. Not one other company in the industry offers these to the public in bushels! All Male Crabs.
This bushel consist of crabs measuring 5 1/2" to 6 1/2". They will consist primarily of medium and large crabs. This is a great bushel to order when having a family and friends gathering. Best price in the industry! All Male Crabs.
This bushel consist of crabs measuring 5" to 6". They will consist primarily of small and medium crabs. Great bushel for the kids or an inexpensive way to taste the sweet candy from the Chesapeake. Best price in the industry! All Male Crabs.
Prior to grazing cornstalks with cattle, an estimate should be made of the amount of corn that is present in the field. The UNL Extension Circular EC 287 Grazing Crop Residues with Beef Cattle provides information on a simple method for estimating the bushels of corn that are on the ground.
An 8-inch ear of corn contains about 0.50 lb equivalent of shelled corn grain; therefore, 112 8-inch ears would equal 1 bushel (1 bushel = 56 pounds). By counting the number of ears, the amount of corn can be estimated. If corn is planted in 30-inch rows, count the total number of ears in three different 100-foot furrow strips and divide by two to give an approximate number of bushels per acre.
For example, after walking three, 100-foot strips, a total of 30 ears of corn were counted across all three 100-foot strips. Total ears of corn, which is 30, divided by 2, equals an estimated 15 bushels of corn per acre on the ground. Small ears and broken ears should be counted as half ears, while very large ears could be counted as an ear and a half. Any amount beyond 8-10 bushels per acre will require a well-planned grazing strategy to ensure that too much grain is not consumed by grazing cattle.
A bushel of crabs refers to the wooden basket-like container that crabbers use to store crabs after they catch them. 1 bushel of crabs will typically contain 5.5 dozens of large crabs and 6-7 dozens of small-medium crabs.
Under specific fruit and vegetable crops, retail containers are compared with the more common containers (bushels, lugs, etc.) that are used in the wholesale trade (Tables 2 and 3). In addition, weights and approximate yields for canning and freezing of fruits and vegetables in some of the common retail containers are presented for use in retail marketing. Because processed yields can vary so much based on size of produce and processing method, consider the indicated yields to be approximate values.
The title of this book is, admittedly, a bit of a puzzle. Stardust is the glamor of the marquee, the mesmerizing sheen of the starlet and the leading man. A bushel is a wood-sided basket with wire handles, best known in packing sheds as a container for fresh fruit, or blue crabs. 041b061a72